The Long-Term Effects of Concussions: Implications for Athletes and Non-Athletes


Concussions are a form of mild traumatic brain injury that can result from a blow or jolt to the head. A concussion is often called a “mild” traumatic brain injury because it is usually not life threatening, but concussions can cause serious problems in the short term and long term. Say’s Dr. John Manzella, Concussions can affect people of all ages and backgrounds, but they are particularly common among athletes who play contact sports such as hockey or football. Athletes who get concussions have a greater risk for developing dementia later in life than non-athletes who have sustained similar injuries

What is a concussion?

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that can result from a blow to the head or body. In some cases, it’s caused by an impact that causes the brain to bounce against the skull, resulting in bruising and bleeding.

Complex interactions between genetics, environment and lifestyle factors influence how individuals respond physically and psychologically after experiencing concussions – even over long periods of time after those initial injuries have healed.

Signs of a concussion.

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea

What are the long-term effects of concussions?

The long-term effects of concussions can be devastating for athletes and non-athletes alike. For example, many professional athletes who suffer repeated head injuries during their careers develop dementia later in life. This has been a problem for players in all sports, but it has been especially common among boxers and football players who were not wearing protective headgear during their careers.

In addition to memory loss and difficulty concentrating, people who have had concussions may also experience problems sleeping or sleeping too much (insomnia). They might have trouble controlling their emotions or feel anxious or depressed more often than before their injury.

Anyone who has experienced a concussion may experience long-term effects

Anyone who has experienced a concussion may experience long-term effects. The most common long-term effects of concussions include:

  • Memory loss
  • Headaches and other physical pain
  • Depression or anxiety


Concussions are a serious brain injury that can have long-term effects. It’s important to remember that anyone who has experienced a concussion may experience long-term effects, including athletes and non-athletes. If you think someone may have had a concussion, contact your doctor immediately for treatment options and advice on how best to recover from this type of injury.

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